English translation of. Holy Akaranga Sutra. English translation by Hermann Jacobi taken from Contents: Introduction. Akaranga Sutra: First Book: 1. Knowledge of the weapon. 2. Conquest of the world. 3. Hot and cold. 4. Righteousness. 5. Essence of the. Gaina Sutras, Part I – The Akaranga Sutra, The Kalpa Sutra [transl; F. Max Muller Hermann Jacobi] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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Similarly, some do not know whether their soul is born again and again or not; nor what they were formerly, nor what they will become after having died and left this world.

THE origin and development of the Gaina sect is a subject on which some scholars still think it safe to speak with a sceptical caution, though this seems little warranted by the present state of the whole question; for a large and ancient literature has been made accessible, and furnishes ample materials for the early history of the sect to all who are willing to collect them.

Even the theory that from time immemorial prophets Buddhas or Tirthakaras have proclaimed the same dogmas and renewed the sinking faith, has its Brahmanic counterpart in the Avataras of Vishnu. Having got clean food, he used it, restraining the impulses.

If, on board, the boatman should say to another of the crew,’O long-lived one! Of the details of Mahavira’s life, mentioned in the canonical books, his rivalry with, and victory over Gosala, the son of Makkhali, and lastly, the place of his death, the small town Papa, deserve to be noticed. It describes the conduct and behavior of ascetic life: Digambara monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya.

It also describes the penance of Mahavirathe Great Hero. Then at another time, his heirs divide it, or those who are without a living steal it, or the king takes it away, or it is ruined in some way or other, or it is consumed by the conflagration of the house.

If a monk or a nun on the pilgrimage come upon walls or ditches or ramparts or gates or bolts or holes to fit them, or moats or caves, they should, in case there be a byway, choose it, and not go on straight.

Acharanga Sutra

For the sake of the splendour, akarqnga, and glory of this life, for the sake of birth, death, and final liberation, for the removal of pain, all these causes of sin are at work, which are to be comprehended and renounced in this world. That the untrue ascetics had such an origin, may be collected from a remark of Vasishtha. Neither killing nor lying, he should patiently bear all unpleasant feelings when affected by them.


Of this canon a great many copies were taken, in order to furnish every seminary with books which had become necessary by the newly introduced change in the method of religious instruction.

Knowing this, they should go there and after consideration say: Pleasures are difficult to reject, life is difficult to prolong. In his resting-places he sustained fearful and manifold calamities; crawling or flying animals attack him.

Both sects give the same titles or epithets to their prophets: The name itself testifies to the fact that the Purvas were superseded by a new canon, for purva means former, earlier [1]; and it is assuredly not by accident that the knowledge of the Purvas is said to have commenced to fade away at the same time when the Angas were collected by the Sangha of Pataliputra.

Thus they are not well taught, not well instructed in the religion such as it has been declared by the Revered One, who knows and sees with quick discernment. If the reverend persons continue to live in those places after staying there for a month [or any fixed period, which the sitra has vowed not to exceed staying in one place] in the hot or cold seasons or for the rainseason he should say: To a naked monk the thought occurs: He is a wise man who perfectly knows the non-killing [2], who searches after the liberation of the bound.

Whatever is sinful, the Venerable One left that undone: He akaranba knows one thing, knows all things; and he who knows all things, knows one thing. About this the Revered One has taught the truth: That for this viz.

That the Gainas borrowed them from the older Buddhists? Some mendicants explain thus the requisites of a lodging ; they are called upright, searching after liberation, practising no deceit. What is the characteristic of a sage?

WHEN a male or a fernale mendicant, having entered the abode of a householder with the intention of collecting alms, recognises food, drink, dainties, and spices as affected by, or mixed up with, living beings, mildew, seeds or sprouts, or wet with water, or covered with dust-either in the hand or the pot of another-they should not, even if they can get it, accept of such food, thinking that it is impure and unacceptable.


That is the fourth rule for begging food. Views Read Edit View history. We cannot argue from the style of the Lives of the Ginas that that part must be younger than the Rules for Akaraanga for the same difference of style occasioned by the diversity of the matter exists between the third Kula of the Akaranga Sutra and the two preceding ones.

The knowing one seeing the vanity akaranba the world [knowing the rise and fall of the souls], the Brahman follows the unrivalled control of the Gainas.

We have postponed the discussion of Professor Lassen’s third argument, the ahimsa, because it will be better treated together with the other moral precepts of both sects. A naked monk who perseveres in this conduct, sustains repeatedly these and other various painful feelings: Through delusion he is born, dies, ‘ Being conversant with the deliberation about this delusion, one is conversant with the samsara; being not conversant with that deliberation, one is not conversant with the samsara.

We have seen that the oldest works in the Gaina canon are older than the Gathas in the Lalita Vistara. Such a man is said to have crossed the flood of lifeto be a sage, to have passed over the samsarato be liberated, to have ceased from all activity. The commentator Govinda explains pavitra, a cloth for straining water,’ by ‘a bunch of Kusa grass for removing insects from the road [6]: For it might be assumed that the Nirgrantha copied the Buddhist Bhikkhu, who himself was but a copy of the Samnyasin.

Acharanga Sutra – Wikipedia

Because he is near death, he is far from liberation. The disciples are thus regularly instructed, day and night, by the knowledge-endowed great heroes, receiving knowledge from them.

A monk or a nun entering or leaving the out-ofdoor places for religious practices or study, should do so with the complete outfit.

Considering this and well understanding it, one should teach oneself not to cultivate sensuality.