The bitter struggle that rolled back and forth across the North African desert was the first major Allied victory of the Second World War. ODAL!Music: ODAL!Video: channel/rfyxEnAH7Uy. North Africa campaigns, (–43), in World War II, series of battles for but significant events that bound the Axis Powers and culminated in a world war.

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Allied codebreakers read much enciphered German message traffic, especially that encrypted with the Enigma machine.

When the British did not continue their advance, Rommel, having arrived early in Tripolitaniaattempted an offensive with what forces he had. By the time Rommel had reached the eastern frontier of Cyrenaica, however, he had overstretched his supply lines and was compelled to halt.

Vichy officially pursued a policy of armed neutrality and conducted military actions against armed incursions from Axis and Allied belligerents.

During this period forcez weakness, the Allies decided against a rapid advance into Tunisia while they wrestled with the Vichy authorities.

For the entire North African campaign, the British sufferedcasualties. After the Anglo-American landings Operation Torch in North-West Africa in Novemberand subsequent battles against Vichy France forces who then changed sidesthe Allies encircled several hundred thousand Axiw and Italian personnel in northern Tunisia and finally forced their surrender in May Rommel continued to grow weaker.


The Italian infantry and other troops surrendered in crowds when their protecting armour was destroyed.

American Civil War, four-year war —65 between the United States and 11 Southern states that seceded…. His front-line positions at Sollum were at the end of an extended supply chain that stretched back to Tripoli and had to bypass the coast road at Tobruk.

North Africa campaigns

Although all the landing sites were in Vichy French territory, the ultimate objectives of the operation were the Tunisian port and airfield complex of Bizerte and the capital city of Tunis. Two days later, no invasion having been launched, Mussolini ordered Marshal Graziani that, the moment German forces launched Operation Sea Lionhe was to attack. It was a decision Rommel later regretted. Keep Exploring Britannica September 11 attacks. Rommel’s forces did not have the strength or training to take the fortress.

The following day, he ordered his striking force to take up a defensive position. An Axis secondary attack in the north pinned down the Allied onrth there. Both forces were roughly equal in strength, but General Ritchie had his armored units widely dispersed, while Rommel kept his concentrated. II Corps on the other, the Axis forces withdrew to Enfidaville.

North Africa campaigns | Battles, Combatants, & Significance |

O’Hara and Enrico Cernuschi who claim that authors like F. Thank you for your feedback. Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of Rommel reached Tripoli qxis January 23 and the Tunisian border at the end of the month.


The American president immediately offered help. Although Rommel had been ordered to simply hold the line, an armoured reconnaissance soon became a full-fledged offensive from El Agheila in March With only 60 operational tanks, Rommel attacked at Mersa Matruh on June 26 and routed four British divisions in three days of fighting. On the 30th, Rommel consolidated his armor in a defensive position that came to be known as the Cauldron.

Battleaxe was over by June 17, and Wavell had lost 91 of his new tanks. Churchill chafed at the delay, wishing to achieve a decisive victory over Rommel in advance of Operation Torch, the planned Allied landings in Tunisia in November Unable to take the port on the run, he left a siege force of mostly Italian units there and continued his push for the Egyptian border.

North African Campaign

Wikimedia Commons has media related to North African campaign. The British response was piecemeal, but Rommel could not complete notrh drive to the sea that would have enveloped the British on the Gazala line. Having passed by night through a gap in…. Views Read Edit View history. Commanding the British was Gen.