Students of political democratization have employed the notion of “democratic consolidation” in unclear and inconsistent ways. The article reconstructs and. Much of the literature on ‘democratic consolidation’ has adopted a forward‐ looking, future‐oriented perspective. Rather than studying past regimes, it tries to . Andreas Schedler, who is currently attached to the Facultad Latinoamericana de possibly most, students of democratic consolidation are studying today’s.
|Published (Last):||6 October 2011|
|PDF File Size:||6.16 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||13.30 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Cornell University Press, Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. If consolidation is complete when a democracy is likely to endure, then observable measures of endurance are needed.
Consolidation of new democracies requires strong political institutions, horizontal as well as vertical accountability, the rule of law, a vibrant civil society, and improved economic performance, which all generate legitimacy for the regime.
This article focuses on the institutional, economic, social, and international causes of democratic consolidation as distinct from democratization.
Project MUSE – What is Democratic Consolidation?
Schedler suggests that behavioral evidence is superior to attitudinal and economic evidence because it is more proximate to the phenomenon of interest: Others argue that consolidation is the result of deliberate choices made by political actors.
For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here. The Sources of Democratic Consolidation. He supports this conclusion with evidence of crisis management in Latin America.
Don’t have an account? Instead, he suggests that if consolidation is determined by whether a democracy will endure, then typologies of polyarchy must include informally institutionalized democracies—those in which actors act for particularistic rather than universalistic reasons.
In the immediate aftermath of all these democratic transitions, pressing concerns have quickly arisen about how to strengthen and stabilize these new regimes.
If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click ‘Authenticate’. The most widely accepted criteria for identi-fying a country as democratic have been put forward by Robert Dahl—civil and political rights plus fair, competitive, and inclusive elections.
Schmitter and Karl echoes this view and further stresses that consolidated democracies will not be able, nor should be expected, to solve all sociopolitical problems. The use of one and the same term for vastly different things only simulates a shared common language; in fact, the reigning conceptual disorder is acting as a powerful barrier to scholarly communication, theory building, and the accumulation of knowledge.
Export Citations Print Email Share.
For example, although there is no consensus on whether economic growth and prospects for democratization are positively linked, scholars generally agree that economic growth contributes to democratic consolidation. General Overviews Just as many different types of authoritarian regimes and paths of transition exist, so do many roads to consolidation. Sign up for My OBO. Book titles OR Journal titles.
Moving away from arguments about preconditions, Alexander presents a theory of consolidation based on the strategic choices of political elites. Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.
Premised on the idea that beliefs about political outcomes generated by a regime are important in determining whether democracy is consolidated, the author takes a rational-choice approach to examine the strategy of elite actors on the right side of the political spectrum in five European states.
Viewpoints and Horizons
Without cookies your experience may not be seamless. University of Oklahoma Press, Forged from a partnership between a university press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it serves.
They point out that democracies may take many forms and will not necessarily be better at solving various socioeconomic problems. Schedler and Munck and Verkuilen discuss issues related to the conceptualization of democracy and the measurement of consolidation. The meaning that we ascribe to the notion of democratic consolidation depends on where we stand our empirical viewpoints and where we aim to reach our normative horizons.
These imperfect democracies can endure despite the lack of a close fit between formal rules and political behavior. Two other subtypes of democracy have gained wide recognition in the scholarly literature on new democracies. It has come to include such divergent items as popular legitimation, the diffusion of democratic values, the neutralization of antisystem actors, civilian supremacy over the military, the [End Page 91] elimination of authoritarian enclaves, party building, the organization of functional interests, the stabilization of electoral rules, the routinization of politics, the decentralization of state power, the introduction of mechanisms of direct democracy, judicial reform, the alleviation of poverty, and economic stabilization.
Contact Contact Us Help. Ithaca, NY, and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, Huntington argues that a reversal of transition is less likely and consolidation of democracy is more likely to take place in more economically developed states that transitioned peacefully and early in the wave, have previous experience with democracy, and have the support of international actors.
Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century.
It varies according to the contexts and the goals we have in mind. Related Articles about About Related Articles close popup. The way in which to measure and define consolidation, therefore, is debated by scholars in the field.
Some of the authors cited in this section view democratic consolidation as a gradual process of overcoming the problems left by the previous authoritarian regime.
Although Diamond rejects theories that privilege preconditions the success of consolidation, he also suggests that consolidation may take many different paths.
At this point, with people using the concept any way they like, nobody can be sure what it means to others, but all maintain the illusion of speaking to one another in some comprehensible way.
Consolidation requires the existence of a functional state and presence of five reinforcing arenas: Jump to Other Articles: Please subscribe or login. Instead, the authors suggest that consolidation is a process of stabilization, routinization, and institutionalization of patterns of political behavior.
In the long run, informal practices, such as clientelism, are indeed antithetical to democratic survival. Time is an especially important component of many empirical works that seek to explain regime endurance.